Can you remember these?
STM and LTM involve separate mechanisms in retaining information (Izquierdo, et al. 107). Memories that last for about a few minutes are under the category of STM. For the case of the waiter, he processed complex terms, like the orders and some additional, but then STM can hold information like these. Groups of numbers, words or concepts are examples. The brain can easily process these when transformed into more meaningful one.
The long-term memory on the other hand, stays for a couple of years or longer. Facts and semantic information are under this category, and also includes autobiographical aspects. Examples are your name, an umbrella’s or hammer’s usage, the way to go to school, etc. it is easily retrievable from the brain because it is retained longer. The short-term memory is dependent on the hippocampus part and other portions of the medial temporal lobe. This functions for the daily routines as practiced (Myers 56).
Encoding is the process of converting the information gathered in more understandable codes that can easily be remembered. This fantastic work of the brain serves as the first step in the memory production. Cerebral cortex, a part of the brain, processes impulses from our senses. Warren explained that we do not have enough evidence yet to conclude where exactly is the part of the brain leading to the retention of memories to become long-term memories. There are theoretical evidences that long-term memories are stored in many parts of the brain or the nervous system per se, for later access, as what Irving Kupferman has long been investigated.
Myers, Catherine E. “Memory.” Memory Loss and the Brain. (2008): 56-58.
Izquierdo, Iván et al. “Separate mechanisms for short- and long-term memory.” Elsevier Science (1999). 107-109.
Warren, Suzanne. “Remember this: Memory and the Brain.” 1997. Biology 103. 2 May 2008. < http://serendip.brynmawr.edu/biology/b103/f97/projects97/Warren.html>