1. a. To convince the Athenian women to join a coalition and to fight against their own men, for the sake of peace, Lysistrata uses some very effective ways that have immediate results. First, she awakens her women companion’s patriotic feelings and presents the situation in the most dramatic way when Calonice asks her about the reasons she called all the Athenian women to meet: “So fine that the safety of the whole Greece lies in us women”(Aristophanes, Lysistrata, p. 1050) “Our country’s fortunes are in our hands” (ibid, p. 1050) “But if women will meet here – the Spartans, the Boeotians, and we Athenians – then all together we will save Greece.”(ibid, p.1050) The next argument Lysistrata uses when confronted by Calonice with the image of a Greek woman in those times, is that very image, turned against their own husbands. She exposes a way to turn it around so that the pretty image of a voluptuous play-doll can be used to manipulate the men and make them give up in the end. In her battle against war and its producers, Lysistrata spears no means. She is able to use flattery, where she sees fit, as she does when addressing Lampito, a Spartan woman: “Greetings, my dear Spartan friend. How pretty you look, my dear. What a smooth complexion and well-developed figure!” The last and most effective of Lysistrata’s words are those referring to the safety of their children and family. Even if asking for a sacrifice, Lysistrata is completely successful in her fight for her companion’s loyalty and adherence to her cause.
b. Lysistrata has some well developed reasonable responses when after gaining the women for her peace cause, she has to explain her solutions to the men. When asked by the Athenian magistrate about the ways she thought about for bringing the peace: “How can you stop all the confusion in the various states and bring them together?” (Aristophanes, Lysistrata, p.1064) she uses example for their daily work to better suggest her logical propositions to eliminate those who are more interested in keeping the war for the benefits they have out of it.
Such as presented, the solution for a world without war seems pretty simple and known since ancient times. But, Lysistrata’s plans are easy and effective only on paper and on stage. The world still went through wars a couple of thousands of years after Aristophanes wrote his play. Lysistrata finds the way to deprive the men of one of the most important things after air, food and water and it is completely utopian andthere must also be taken into account that those men are supposed to be faithful so that her whole scheme stands a chance.
3. a. Lysistrata’s discourse when she speaks with the Athenian magistrate, for example is like the words of those who were fighting for women’s rights in the twentieth century. She emphasizes women’s qualities that could allow them to administer the treasure they kept in the Acropolis. If women are necessary for keeping the household and administer it, they should also be considered worthy of administering a treasure. (Aristophanes, Lysistrata, p 1061) Lysistrata also speaks about the unequal way women are treated by their husbands. Matters that concern the society as a whole are allowed to be treated only by men. Women are supposed to hold their tongue. “War shall be the concern of Men”(ibid, p. 1062) says Lysistrat’s husband when she asks about the decisions of the assembly.
The arguments used by the women to convince men that they were right to interfere and have a major influence on decisions regarding war or no war are sensible and final. The Leader of the Chorus answers to the Chorus of Men: “Don’t take it ill that I was born a woman, if I contribute something better than our present troubles. I pay my share; for I contribute MEN.”(Aristophanes, Lysistrata, p. 1066). These words leave place for no comments. Men are condemned to look ridiculous as their arguments are on the manly side only. They encourage themselves to go to the battle against women by being MEN.
b. Women’s argumets are persuasive because they are explained making use of logic and commonsense. Lysistrata shows with arguments and examples from the real life and not with vanity and foolish ideals, why the war against their men was useless and even worse, destined to bring them to the end when faced with the armies of other nations.
The end does not reveal if women’s words are really making sense to their men or if the frustration is the only means that made them give up. Women’s arguments may have been logical and right, but as history showed us, reason and right versus wrong, wisdom versus vanity and other such reasonable arguments are not really working on those who start and are involved in wars. Men’s answers to women’s logic are not exactly agreements. It seems that the most effective tool of the women was the frustration, after all. It seems more like an armistice than a truce. Women’s goal excused their means from an ethical point of view.